The most popular Robin Lee proposed artificial int

2022-07-26
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On the afternoon of March 1, Robin Lee, member of the 13th CPPCC National Committee and chairman and CEO of Baidu, accepted the interview of the new Beijing News on the contents of the proposals of the two sessions this year. This year, Robin Lee's three proposals are related to artificial intelligence. They are to build intelligent transportation solutions to make travel smoother; Improve the electronic medical record management system, promote the exploration of intelligent medical application, and help the implementation of the "healthy China" strategy; Strengthen the research on artificial intelligence ethics and create the cornerstone of the development of intelligent society. This is also his proposal related to artificial intelligence submitted for five consecutive years

first of all, Robin Lee mentioned the plan to build intelligent transportation solutions to continue to shorten the gap between China's instrument technology and foreign advanced technology. In recent years, with the acceleration of urban development and the increasing travel demand of the people, traffic congestion and safety have become difficult problems in urban development, bringing huge economic losses to the city. Robin Lee suggested that the state further strengthen guidance, establish a data sharing and use mechanism, and encourage all regions to explore and build intelligent transportation solutions. First, accelerate the formulation of vehicle road coordination standards. Second, promote the intelligent transformation of transportation infrastructure, encourage local governments to increase the layout of roadside equipment for vehicle road coordination, and develop a vehicle road coordination management platform. Third, carry out intelligent transportation application demonstration, select qualified cities, take the lead in deploying intelligent traffic lights, intelligent parking and other applications, and gradually promote them to the whole country. In fact, Baidu v2x (vehicle to everything) automatic parking solution has been in the development and commissioning stage. As one of the earliest companies in the industry to deploy vehicle road collaboration, Baidu has started to deploy v2x R & D and explore "vehicle road collaboration" technology since 2016, and has made phased progress in scene data and test mileage accumulation

not only intelligent travel, Robin Lee also pays attention to the exploration of intelligent medical applications. At present, although the electronic medical record has been shared in some regions, the medical record data of different provinces are still separated from each other. Improving the connectivity of electronic medical records will improve the efficiency of people's medical treatment. Robin Lee suggested that the National Health Commission should take the lead to make overall planning in the management, scientific research and use of electronic medical record data, speed up the exploration of relevant intelligent applications, and help to form a high-quality and efficient medical and health service system

the suggestions specifically include three aspects: first, continue to promote and improve the electronic medical record filling standard, encourage medical institutions to strengthen cooperation with scientific research institutions and enterprises, and improve the scale and quality of China's electronic medical record data resources. Second, improve the technical standards and legal guarantee for data application, speed up the formulation of relevant laws and management norms, and develop mechanisms for data circulation and security guarantee. Third, accelerate the scientific research and application of electronic medical records. On the premise of ensuring safety, encourage enterprises, national clinical medical research centers and professional industry organizations to jointly carry out exploration and pilot projects based on their merits, and promote the tackling of major health problems such as cancer, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. After the relevant technology is mature, it will be promoted to primary medical institutions to solve the problem of people's difficulty in seeing a doctor from the supply side

as an important driving force for the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, artificial intelligence has risen to the national strategy. In 2017, China issued the development plan for a new generation of artificial intelligence, which aims to preliminarily establish artificial intelligence ethics in some fields. However, generally speaking, the discussion on artificial intelligence ethics in China has just started and has not yet formed a broad consensus. In this regard, Robin Lee suggested that the competent government departments should take the lead to organize industry experts in interdisciplinary fields, representatives of artificial intelligence enterprises, industry users, the public and other relevant parties to carry out the research and top-level design of artificial intelligence ethics, promote the improvement of people's livelihood, promote the healthy development of the industry, and take the initiative in a new round of technological revolution. The first is to focus on people, clarify the ethical principles of artificial intelligence, strengthen relevant research, take the good life of the people as the ultimate goal, and give consideration to the innovation and development of the industry. Second, strengthen the role of leading enterprises, speed up the implementation of AI ethical principles, and let the information and services provided by AI help people grow and develop. Third, strengthen international exchanges and build global consensus. Actively participate in the research and formulation of global AI ethics principles, identify the forbidden zone as soon as possible, and contribute Chinese wisdom to International Ai ethics research. Seizing the strategic development opportunity of artificial intelligence, accelerating ethical research and so that CISA once submitted a document "to the national development and Reform Commission; Seeking coal rdquo; The pace of innovation will build a competitive advantage in the development of artificial intelligence in China, build an intelligent society as soon as possible, and use technology to benefit the people

Robin Lee, member of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, chairman and CEO of Baidu

Beijing News: what changes will the era of artificial intelligence bring

Robin Lee: after years of development, China Internet has basically lost its demographic dividend. According to the data released by CNN, the growth rate of Internet population is more than 3.0%, which is far lower than the growth rate of China's GDP. Therefore, it is unrealistic to rely on the demographic dividend to develop the Internet. I think the future will mainly rely on technological innovation to promote the growth of the Internet industry. Most technological innovation is related to artificial intelligence

Beijing News: how to solve the problem of data islands encountered in the development of Internet and AI? How to protect users' data privacy in this process

Robin Lee: take electronic medical records as an example. Now medical records are electronic. Most good hospitals have electronic medical records. However, these medical records are not accessible to each other. After seeing a doctor in this hospital, I have to describe the illness process again and do a new examination in another hospital. I think we really need to develop corresponding standards through the power of the government to promote data sharing

in the process of sharing, we need to pay special attention to protecting users' privacy. I think everyone agrees in principle. The key is whether there is a good mechanism to restrict the implementation process

there have been two terms within baidu for several years, one is "platform" and the other is "interface". Platformization means that when I do something, I try to make it a platform that can be used by people in other departments. Interfacing means opening my capabilities to you. I will tell you what my platform can do, but I will not give you the data and source code behind it. In this way, data is protected and intellectual property rights are protected

I think for the whole society, it may also need to adopt the platform and interface methods. We define the boundary clearly, who can obtain what kind of information and what kind of ability. Then provide these capabilities through one platform or multiple platforms

Beijing News: the LANXESS group headquarters of the artificial intelligence association invested 75million euros in the first polyamide 6 production equipment in Antwerp. What new challenges will it bring to the existing legal system? What suggestions do you have for AI legislation

Robin Lee: first of all, I don't think the legislation itself should be too advanced. Many times, new things just appear. Let them run for a while, and then sum up the experience, find the law and then legislate. Secondly, in different fields, the legislation involved is different. For example, there was no relevant law in the past, such as driverless driving. Beijing attaches great importance to driverless driving and soon has corresponding laws to ensure that our innovation can be carried out in an orderly manner. Today, Baidu has obtained about 50 automatic driving test vehicle licenses

relevant legislation is also required for medical treatment. Unified format of electronic medical record, what fields must be provided, what content must be provided, exchange between different hospitals and institutions, protection of patient privacy, etc. should be solved through legislation

Beijing News: in your opinion, what should AI do and what should not be done

Robin Lee: I think what AI should do is to let it help and serve people. What it should not do is to let it hurt and control people. Like all technologies, if we don't pay attention to controlling it, there will be problems. For example, if you encounter a high-voltage line, you will be electrocuted. It does not mean that electricity is smarter than people, but that accidents may occur during the development of this technology

in this regard, we should make corresponding plans and take preventive measures to avoid deviation. If there is something harmful about AI's ability, we should quickly pull it back and control it. If AI has a negative impact on people's normal activities in some aspects, we should also regulate it. Some international organizations have said that we should not develop AI weapons or lethal weapons. I think this is a good direction. We don't want it to be used where it shouldn't be used

let me give a medical example. Patients fell down in the ward and were not found in time. It is impossible for the hospital to arrange a person to watch these patients in the ward for 24 hours. However, some cameras can be installed to use the AI capability to monitor whether the patient has fallen. For application scenarios like this, we should dig more and let them serve and help people. Therefore, the main purpose of AI in the future is not to replace people, but to help people and help them complete their work more efficiently

Beijing News: is the vehicle road coordination scheme more suitable for the construction of new cities like xiong'an new area? In mature cities, does vehicle road coordination mean that higher reconstruction costs will be incurred

Robin Lee: for new towns like xiong'an, it will be easier in the top-level design. But I think that for the existing cities, the transformation is of greater significance, because the vast majority of Chinese people live in the existing cities

according to the data I have seen, traffic congestion will cause a loss of 5% to 8% of GDP every year. As far as Beijing is concerned, it is a loss of hundreds of billions every year. I also see that Beijing spends a lot of money on controlling traffic congestion every year. I see a figure of more than 50 billion a year. So much money is used to build expressways, subways, large parking lots, etc., but only a small amount of money is invested in traffic infrastructure construction at the software level

we calculate that the waiting time for traffic lights can be reduced by 30% to 40% through the adjustment of intelligent traffic light time. We have noticed that this is not necessarily related to driverless driving. Even if every car on the street is not driverless, I can still greatly improve its traffic efficiency

the transformation cost of the vehicle road coordination scheme must be much less than the current physical investment. More importantly, in a big city like Beijing, even if you have money, the physical space is limited. If you want to build another road, there are no roads around

checked by Ma Jing, Chen Li and wuxingfa of Beijing News

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