The hottest manufacturing upgrading technology inn

2022-09-19
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Upgrading technology of manufacturing industry: innovation and re innovation

even though the first batch of hybrid new energy buses developed by Hunan CSR times electric vehicle company has been driven into Curitiba, the capital of Parana, one of the host cities of the world cup in Brazil, the market share of Chinese automobile brands has been declining for three consecutive years, and the decline is still not reversed

the latest statistical data learned by the financial circles from the China Automobile Association showed that in June this year, 566700 Chinese brand passenger cars were sold, down 2.41% month on month; The sales of Chinese brand cars were 207900, a year-on-year decrease of 10.51%, and the market share was the lowest monthly since 2009. However, automobile exports continued to show a downward trend over the same period. In the first half of this year, 444900 vehicles were exported, a decrease of 8.8% over the same period last year

how strong Chinese brands are is not only an important issue that the entire automotive industry must face, but also extends to the huge made in China. The automobile industry has always been an important pillar industry of China's manufacturing industry, and its development is undoubtedly very representative

although China's manufacturing industry is large, it is large but not strong. Xu Kuangdi, vice chairman of the 10th CPPCC National Committee, pointed out when attending the China Development Forum 2014 not long ago that although the total volume of China's manufacturing industry has exceeded Germany, the United States and Russia, from the perspective of core technology, scale growth, product quality and other important evaluation factors, Chinese brands still linger outside the world-renowned brand circle, and make in China has not been able to get rid of its low-cost destiny for many years

where is the way out for made in China? Innovation driven is considered to be the most basic path. At present, both at the national level and in the industrial field, it is believed that it is necessary to improve the innovation ability of China's manufacturing industry, improve the enterprise innovation system, significantly improve the quality of Chinese products, promote green manufacturing, develop modern manufacturing services, and form an enterprise group with international competition, vigorously promote advanced energy-saving technology and product power, and well-known brands

where is the weakness?

since the beginning of the new century, the total volume of China's manufacturing industry has risen rapidly. According to the industrial statistics of the world bank and the United Nations, China has become the world's largest manufacturing country in current dollars

however, combing the growth path and taking the manufacturing industry in developed countries such as the United States and Germany as a reference, we can clearly see the core problems existing in China's manufacturing industry

as a well-known engineering professor at home and abroad, Xu Kuangdi has a deep research on China's manufacturing industry. He pointed out at the above forum that the high external dependence of core technology is one of the biggest weaknesses. China imports 80% of its high-end chips. In 2012, the import volume of integrated circuits was 192.06 billion yuan, second only to 260.02 billion dollars of oil

due to the lack of core technology, China has become a processing factory with high quality and low price in the world, and production is the most typical case. According to ADB estimates, the average cost of a unit is $189.86, most of which belongs to enterprises in the United States, Japan and South Korea, while the Chinese enterprises responsible for assembly received only $6.50

the extensive development mode of China's manufacturing industry has also been widely criticized worldwide. Over the years, China's manufacturing industry has been overly dependent on resources and capital investment, resulting in low economic efficiency. Generally speaking, the manufacturing value-added rate of developed countries is about 35%, and that of the United States and Germany is even more than 40%, while that of China was only 21.4% in 2010, which was lower last year. This way of development has also brought another major drawback: the low efficiency of resource utilization and increasingly serious environmental problems. Data show that China's GDP accounts for about 8.6% of the world, but its energy consumption accounts for 19.3% of the world, and the energy consumption per unit of GDP is 2.2 times the world level

in addition to these two key points, there is another aspect that cannot be ignored, that is, the overall level of product quality and technical standards in China's manufacturing industry is not high. In the past 12 years, Chinese brands have never appeared among the top 100 world famous brands. And the product quality with low qualification rate has also brought great economic losses to China's manufacturing industry. According to statistics, the direct quality loss of China's manufacturing industry is more than 200 billion yuan every year, and the indirect loss is more than 1 trillion yuan

not only that, because China's manufacturing industry is large but not strong, it also brings various troubles to China's trade and export. In recent years, trade investigations against made in China have gradually increased, and countervailing and anti-dumping cases have occurred from time to time

breakthrough

how to change this situation and promote the leap from quantity to quality of China's manufacturing industry, innovation is considered to be the most effective path

international experience has long proved that all countries with leading manufacturing industries in the world have strong innovation capabilities

the Swiss watch industry is a typical case that benefits from innovation. Over the years, the Swiss watch industry has always insisted on investing a huge amount of money in brand and scientific research, design, skill training and after-sales service, constantly pushing through the old and bringing forth the new, so as to establish an international start detection position that gives competitors a headache, and also create a comprehensive product system that is highly respected by consumers: from manual winding to fully automatic mechanical watches, from analog to digital display quartz watches, materials from precious metal diamond inlaid From stainless steel, wood, plastic to high-tech ceramics, the styles range from modern to classical, from sports to fashion, and the varieties range from alarm clocks, desk clocks, small pendulum clocks to watches

and the watch industry is only an innovation in the strong system of Swiss manufacturing. According to the 2013 global innovation index report released by the world intellectual property organization, Switzerland has ranked first among the 142 major economies in the world for three consecutive years, and is in a leading position in eight major indicators, including knowledge and technology output, creativity output, market maturity, business maturity, and research institutions

compared with Switzerland's strong innovation, China's manufacturing industry is obviously still in the traditional development mode dominated by copying

according to Deloitte's "2013 global manufacturing competitiveness index report", Germany's innovation index is 9.47, the United States is 8.94, Japan is 8.14, and China is only 5.89

therefore, China's manufacturing industry must accelerate the pace of innovation. Lagarde, President of the International Monetary Fund, said at the above forum that China's current growth model has made it a world manufacturing center, but the economy can only go so far by relying on this growth model. If China wants to continue to advance in the value chain, it must pay attention to productivity and innovation, and must maintain and expand investment

specific to the automotive industry, Zhou Langhui, executive vice president of SAIC Group (600104, Guba), believes that at present, it is still in an important period of strategic opportunities for development. It is not only necessary to pursue the improvement of quantity, but also the key is to speed up independent innovation and win the improvement of quality

focusing on this goal, saic-bing launched its innovation strategy in several ways, including independent brand building, new energy product research and development, promoting industrial upgrading and exploring overseas operations

in recent years, SAIC has also continuously increased the investment in independent research and development, and has successfully built three core product platforms. At the same time, the R & D team is also growing. By the end of 2013, SAIC had 18000 R & D personnel, including 3593 R & D personnel for self owned brand passenger cars and commercial vehicles, up from 1541 in 2008

in view of the embarrassment that made in China is big but not strong, due to the current situation of frequent use, the national level has also begun to actively layout. It is reported that in January last year, the Chinese Academy of engineering has launched and carried out the strategic research and consultation project of manufacturing power, with Zhou Ji, President of the Chinese Academy of engineering, and academician Zhu Gaofeng, former executive vice president, as the project leader. The project defines the phased objectives and indicators for China to become a manufacturing power, and at the beginning of this year, it proposed guidelines and priority actions for China to become a manufacturing power by 2025

recently, this magazine learned that the country is formulating the made in China 2025 plan. In this plan, it clearly points out four main problems that cause China's manufacturing industry to be large but not strong, among which the weak ability of independent innovation is put in the first place

capital return

innovation requires investment, especially scientific and technological innovation, which requires long-term and unremitting investment

a long-term situation in China is that technology research and development and innovation have not been paid enough attention. Talking about this, an insider frankly said to him that the most fundamental reason why China's manufacturing industry is at the low-end level is that most Chinese enterprises are keen on copying technology and feel that it is OK to use it. In the core growth and development strategy of Chinese enterprises, how to grow rapidly and then expand in the short term has always been regarded as an important consideration index. To put it more bluntly 1. 3. The sliding surface between the inlaid steel plate and the lining plate and the dovetail groove surface on the lining plate should be kept clean, that is, technology is only a way and a way for enterprises to become bigger and stronger. What technology makes money quickly, it will be copied and pasted. Enterprises that really invest funds and talents in technical research have not become the norm

therefore, the person called on the state to correctly guide the return of capital to manufacturing and scientific and technological innovation

in fact, this has also formed a consensus in the industry. Regardless of the important driving role of innovation in the development of international manufacturing industry, imagine that if China continues to allow capital to pursue profits without guiding its investment in the core technology of manufacturing industry, will it be able to manufacture large aircraft, aircraft carriers and other strategic products related to national defense security in the future

encourage scientific and technological innovation in manufacturing, reduce market intervention, stimulate the innovation vitality of industries and enterprises, and make enterprises become real innovation subjects

summarizing international experience, enterprises account for more than 65% of R & D funds in the United States, Japan and South Korea, among which Japanese enterprises account for as much as 80%, showing great enthusiasm in technological innovation competition. However, the R & D investment of Chinese enterprises is obviously low, and the driving force for the combination of science and technology and economy is weak

talking about this, the above-mentioned people pointed out that even if it is led by the government, the R & D work of large and small enterprises should be treated equally, and full encouragement and support should be given

with the change and influence of global economic integration, scientific and technological innovation obviously also needs internationalization. Lagarde proposed that Chinese manufacturing and enterprises should learn to benefit from more collaboration and knowledge exchange among countries. In addition, innovation also requires a modern and shock resistant financial sector. China should take measures to further liberalize the financial system and transform those financial institutions that focus on domestic businesses into global participants

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